Treatment for muscle pain depends on the cause of the symptom. Therefore, the most important factor determining the tactics of treatment is an accurate diagnosis. For example, if muscle pain is caused by taking certain drugs, then in such cases it may be enough to stop taking these drugs or replace them with other medicines. Medical treatment for muscle pain can include both NSAIDs or analgesics, and even opiates.
Acute muscle pain
In acute muscle pain that occurs after an injury, it is necessary to ensure rest and unloading, in some cases, immobilization. In addition, a good effect in such cases is given by local cooling with ice wrapped in a towel, which reduces swelling, inflammation, and pain. In addition, it is necessary to stop the load that led to muscle pain. It takes a lot of time to treat muscle injuries, since early restoration of normal loads can lead to chronic pain and excessive scarring of muscle tissue, and in severe cases, to the development of myositis ossificans.
Chronic muscle pain
Treatment for chronic pain may include thermal treatments as well as other therapies such as:
Acupuncture and acupressure
Electrotherapy (therapy through electricity)
Systematic exercises (exercise therapy) are especially relevant when chronic pain is caused by degenerative diseases of the spine, such as osteochondrosis, spondylosis, and disc herniation.
Surgical methods of treatment are used for severe traumatic muscle injuries or in the presence of compression of the nerve roots.
Prevention of muscle pain consists in the following rules: maintaining a healthy lifestyle, sufficient physical activity, balanced nutrition, proper ergonomics of the workplace, exclusion of alcohol abuse, smoking.